Computer knowledge. कम्प्यूटर ज्ञान

By | May 6, 2016

Computer knowledge

• चार्ल्स बाबेज: कंप्यूटर के जनक एवं पिता
• टिम बर्नर्स-ली: वर्ल्ड वाइड वेब (WWW) के आविष्कारक
• एडा लॉरेंस: दुनिया  की पहली कंप्यूटर प्रोग्रामर।
• एडम ओसबोर्न: पोर्टेबल कंप्यूटर के आविष्कारक।
• अलेक्जेंडर ग्राहम बेल: टेलीफोन के आविष्कारक
• बॉब बीमर:  ASCII के आविष्कारक
• क्रिस्टोफर शॉल्स: टाइपराइटर और पहली QWERTY कीबोर्ड के आविष्कारक।
• डेविड हुफ्फमैन: Huffman कोडिंग के आविष्कारक
• डेविड पैकर्ड : हेवलेट – पैकर्ड (HP) कंपनी के सह – संस्थापक ।
• डग एंजेलबर्ट : कंप्यूटर माउस के आविष्कारक ।
• एडगर कॉड: कंप्यूटर वैज्ञानिक और डेटाबेस प्रबंधन के लिए रिलेशनल मॉडल के आविष्कारक।
• गैरी स्टार्कवेदर : लेजर प्रिंटर के आविष्कारक ।
• जेम्स रसेल: डिजिटल कॉम्पैक्ट डिस्क (CD) के आविष्कारक ।
• जॉन एटानासौफ : पहले डिजिटल कंप्यूटर के आविष्कारक ।
• जॉन बेयर्ड : दुनिया के पहले मैकेनिकल टेलीविजन का आविष्कारक
• यूसुफ लिखलिदेर: ARPANET एवं इंटरनेट  के आविष्कारक
• मार्क ज़ुकेरबर्ग: फेसबुक के सह-संस्थापक
• लैरी पेज: Google कंपनी के सह-संस्थापक
• स्टीव जॉब्स: iPhone निर्माता एप्पल के सह-संस्थापक
कम्प्यूटर बेसिक – कम्प्यूटर शब्दावली• AAL => ATM Adaptation Layer
• ADC => Analog-to-Digital Converter
• ADSL => Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line
• AI => Artificial Intelligence
• Ajax => Asynchronous JavaScript and XML
• ALU => Arithmetic and Logical Unit
• AM => Amplitude Modulation
• AMD => Advanced Micro Devices
• API => Application Programming Interface
• ARIN => American Registry for Internet Numbers
• ARP => Address Resolution Protocol
• ARPANET => Advanced Research Projects Agency Network
• ASCII => American Standard Code for Information Interchange
• ATM => Asynchronous Transfer Mode
• B2B => Business-to-Business
• CD => Compact Disc
• CDMA => Code Division Multiple Access
• CD-ROM => CD Read-Only Memory
• CERT => Computer Emergency Response Team
• CMOS => Complementary Metal-Oxide Semiconductor
• COBOL => Common Business-Oriented Language
• COMPUTER-Common Operating Machine Particularly Used for Trade, Education, and Research
• CORBA => Common Object Request Broker Architecture
• CPU => Central Processing Unit
• CRM => Customer Relationship Management
• DAC => Digital-To-Analog Converter
• DARPA => Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency
• DBA => Database Administrator
• DBMS => Database Management System
• DHCP => Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol
• DHTML => Dynamic Hypertext Markup Language
• DMA => Direct Memory Access
• DoS => Denial of Service
• DOS => Disk Operating System
• DSLAM => Digital Subscriber Line Access Multiplexer
• DNS => Domain Name Server
• DVD => Digital Video Disc
• ECMA => European Computer Manufacturers Association
• E-mail => Electronic mail
• ERD => Entity-Relationship Diagram
• ERP => Enterprise Resource Planning
• FAT => File Allocation Table
• FIFO => First In First Out
• FTTH => Fiber To The Home
• FTP => File Transfer Protocol
• Gb => Gigabit
• GB => Gigabyte
• GUI => Graphical User Interface
• HCI => Human Computer Interaction
• HD => High Density
• HDMI => High-Definition Multimedia Interface
• HP => Hewlett-Packard
• HSDPA => High-Speed Downlink Packet Access
• HTC => High-Throughput Computing
• HTML => Hypertext Markup Language
• HTTP => Hypertext Transfer Protocol
• IBM => International Business Machines
• IC => Integrated Circuit
• ICANN => Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers
• ICMP => Internet Control Message Protocol
• IE => Internet Explorer
• IEEE => Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
• IETF => Internet Engineering Task Force
• IMAP => Internet Message Access Protocol
• I/O => Input/output
• IP => Internet Protocol
• IPsec => Internet Protocol security
• IPTV => Internet Protocol Television
• ISDN => Integrated Services Digital Network
• ITU => International Telecommunication Union
• J2SE => Java 2 Standard Edition
• JDK => Java Development Kit
• JEE => Java Enterprise Edition
• JPEG => Joint Photographic Experts Group
• JRE => Java Runtime Environment
• JVM => Java Virtual Machine
• LAN => Local Area Network
• LED => Light-Emitting Diode
• MAC => Media Access Control
• MAN => Metropolitan Area Network
• MDF => Main Distribution Frame
• MIS => Management Information Systems
• MIT => Massachusetts Institute of Technology
• MMI => Man Machine Interface.
• MPLS => Multiprotocol Label Switching
• MS-DOS => Microsoft DOS (Disk Operating System)
• MTA => Mail Transfer Agent
• MSDN => Microsoft Developer Network
• NIC => Network Interface Controller
• NT => New Technology
• NTFS => NT Filesystem
• OOP => Object-Oriented Programming
• OS => Operating System
• OSI => Open Systems Interconnection
• PAN => Personal Area Network
• PC => Personal Computer
• PDA => Personal Digital Assistant
• PERL => Practical Extraction and Reporting Language
• QoS => Quality of Service
• RAID => Redundant Array of Independent Disks
• RAM => Random Access Memory
• RARP => Reverse Address Resolution Protocol
• RDBMS => Relational Database Management System
• RPC => Remote Procedure Call
• RSS => Rich Site Summary
• RTP => Real-time Transport Protocol
• SDK => Software Development Kit
• SIP => Session Initiation Protocol
• SMS => Short Message Service
• SMTP => Simple Mail Transfer Protocol
• SNMP => Simple Network Management Protocol
• SNTP => Simple Network Time Protocol
• SQL => Structured Query Language
• SSL => Secure Socket Layer
• TCP/IP => Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol
• TI => Texas Instruments
• tmp => temporary
• TTL => Time To Live
• UDP => User Datagram Protocol
• UML => Unified Modeling Language
• UPS => Uninterruptible Power Supply
• URL => Uniform Resource Locator
• USB => Universal Serial Bus
• VB => Visual Basic
• VM => Virtual Machine
• VM => Virtual Memory
• VOD => Video On Demand
• VoIP => Voice over Internet Protocol
• VPN => Virtual Private Network
• VSAT => Very Small Aperture Terminal
• W3C => World Wide Web Consortium
• WAN => Wide Area Network
• WAP => Wireless Access Point
• WDM => Wavelength-Division Multiplexing
• WiMAX => Worldwide Interoperability for Microwave Access
• Wi-Fi => Wireless Fidelity
• WLAN => Wireless Local Area Network
• WWW => World Wide Web
• XHTML => eXtensible Hypertext Markup Language
• XML => eXtensible Markup Language
• XSS => Cross-Site Scripting
• Y2K => Year Two Thousand
• ZOI => Zero One Infinity
• ZPL => Z-level Programming Language

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